Next fall, a criminal justice course will be offered here at Hendrix. Dr. Jay Barth, M.E. and Ima Graves Peace Distinguished Professor of Politics, will be teaching the course. This course differs greatly from other courses offered at Hendrix though, as it follows the inside-out model.
The inside-out model is a type of academic program that seeks to facilitate education and dialogue across profound social differences. This model has seen much success when implemented at prison facilities, both nationally and internationally. It calls for an equal number of inside students (those incarcerated) and outside students (traditional college students) to make up a class. So, this criminal justice course will consist of Hendrix students, as well as incarcerated individuals from the Wrightsville Correctional Unit.
“There’s a great deal of intentionality about community building, and about bringing down walls between inside and outside students so that they are working together in the course,” Dr. Barth said.
The class will include traditional papers and readings but primarily focuses on small and large group discussions, as it is a discussion rather than lecture-based class. As a discussion-based class, students are forced to communicate with each other in meaningful ways within the classroom setting. Dr. Barth became interested in the inside-out program after reading James Forman Jr’s writing about the criminal justice system and its disparate impact on African-American communities.
“I had been looking for a way to have some impact, in terms of bettering the situation of those who are reentering society after being incarcerated. I was intrigued by the notion of using teaching skills to make a difference, and I was drawn to this model of engaged learning,” Dr. Barth said.
He received a teaching grant from Hendrix through the Mullen Foundation. The grant is supposed to help with curricular development work that is focused on the diversification of curriculum, as well as the diversification of Hendrix, as the course will give Hendrix students the opportunity to interact with people that are not normally in their classroom setting. The grant also allowed Dr. Barth to receive training for the program, which took place outside of Detroit. During his training, Dr. Barth spent three days in a prison and was able to see the model play out firsthand.
The training that he underwent prepared him to undertake an inside-out class of his own. The next step was figuring out what prison setting in Arkansas made the most sense to implement the model in, as there are not many prisons near Hendrix. The Wrightsville Correctional Unit, just south of Little Rock, is the closest facility of the appropriate size. The prison features a men’s facility, as well as a women’s facility.
“What’s nice about that facility is that they do have a lot of programming already in place. They have good physical space for programming, which a lot of prison facilities don’t have. They have a relationship with Shorter College for some higher education work. And they even have Compassion Works for All, which is a program focused on conflict-resolution, yoga, and mindfulness. So, it was a good facility to choose for that reason. Although it is somewhat of a hike to get there,” Dr. Barth said.
The Wrightsville Correctional Unit is a 50-minute drive from Conway. Hendrix students will travel to the facility one night a week, when the prison has programming time available. The course will take place in the men’s facility specifically, which has approximately 1300 individuals.
“What’s interesting about working in prisons is that things don’t always happen in a predictable way. If there’s a lockdown for instance, then we won’t be able to go in. So, we have to stay on our toes and be flexible. And the cool thing is, two of my other colleagues, Dr. Maslin and Dr. Shanks-Booth are also very interested in implementing this model,” Dr. Barth said.
Dr. Maslin, Professor of Politics, and Dr. Shanks-Booth, Assistant Professor of Politics, will be undergoing training this summer for the inside-out model through a different diversity grant. Dr. Maslin is interested in teaching a feminist political course in the women’s facility and is also open to teaching an American political thought course. There are numerous factors to consider when choosing a course topic for this model though, such as whether all students will have the same access to textbooks and materials, and the prior knowledge that each student will bring to the course. Dr. Maslin is aware of these factors’ influence, and she looks forward to getting feedback on what courses will work best.